SHALLUM (Heb. שַׁלּוּם ,שַׁלֻּם; probably a hypocorism of a name like שֶׁלֶמְיָהוּ – "Yahweh has preserved or requited"), son of Jabesh, one of the last kings of Israel. Shallum came to the throne in the 39th year of the reign of uzziah in Judah, after killing zechariah son of Jeroboam II and thus putting an end to the dynasty of Jeroboam (II Kings 15:10). Shallum ruled Israel from Samaria for one month (15:13), apparently between Elul and Tishri, 747 B.C.E. The throne was taken from him by menahem son of Gadi, who formed a conspiracy against him and killed him (15:14). Some scholars interpret the designation "son of Jabesh" as a reference to the city of jabesh (-Gilead) and take it as indicating that Shallum was from this city. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Bright, Hist, 253; Tadmor, in: A. Malamat (ed.), Bi-Ymei Bayit Rishon (1962), 180ff.; J.A. Montgomery, The Book of Kings (ICC, 1951), 449; J. Gray, I and II Kings, A Commentary (1963), 562ff. (Josef Segal)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Shallum — (hebr. שלום‎) war kurzzeitig König von Israel. Seine Regierungszeit wird auf das Jahr 745 v. Chr. (Albright) bzw. 752 v. Chr. (Thiele) datiert. Dem Bericht in 2. Kön 15 zufolge kam Shallum, der Sohn des Jabesch an die Macht, indem er Secharja… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shallum — Shallum[1] (שלום), fils de Yabesh, fut roi d’Israël pendant 1 mois au milieu du VIIIe siècle av. J.‑C.. Shallum fut l’auteur d’une conspiration contre son prédécesseur Zacharie, de la maison de Jéhu[2], mais aussi la victime d’une autre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Shallum — ( retribution ) was the name of several people of the Old Testament.*Shallum of Israel, the king of Israel * King of Judah also known as Jehoahaz * Keeper of the temple vestments in the reign of Josiah (2 Kings 22:14) * One of the posterity of… …   Wikipedia

  • Shallum —    Retribution.    1) The son of Jabesh, otherwise unknown. He conspired against Zachariah, and smote him before the people, and slew him, and reigned in his stead (2 Kings 15:10). He reigned only a month of days in Samaria (15:13, marg.).… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Shallum — Numerous men have this name in the OT, of whom the best known are 1) the king of Judah (609 BCE), son of Josiah (Jer. 22:11); his father was killed by Necho king of Egypt, who within three months deported Shallum (called Jehoahaz) to Egypt (2 Kgs …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Shallum of Israel — ( he. שלום בן יבש) was the king of the ancient Kingdom of Israel, and the son of Jabesh. He conspired against Zachariah, and smote him before the people, and slew him, and reigned in his stead ( 2 Kings 15:10). He reigned only a month of days in… …   Wikipedia

  • Shallum — (fl. 8th cent BCE)    King of Judah (747 BCE) He slew Zechariah, son of Jeroboam II and seized the throne (II Kings 23:29 34). He was subse quently killed and succeeded by Menahem …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

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  • Omriden — Die Liste der Könige Israels führt die Könige Gesamtisraels, dann die Könige des Nordreichs Israel und die Könige des Südreichs Juda getrennt auf, wie sie aus den chronologischen Büchern Könige und Chronik bekannt sind. Die Liste folgt der dort… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kingdom of Israel (Samaria) — Kingdom of Israel ← …   Wikipedia

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